Assessment For Learning

Assessment for learning (AfL) acknowledges that assessment should occur as a regular part of teaching and learning and that the information gained from assessment activities can be used to shape the teaching and learning process.

Principles of Assessment for Learning

The following principles provide the criteria for judging the quality of assessment for learning.

AfL (Assessment for Learning) emphasises the interactions between learning and manageable assessment strategies that promote learning

In practice, this means:

  • assessment is embedded in learning and informs the planning of future teaching/learning experiences
  • teachers use assessment to identify what a student knows and can do

AfL (Assessment for Learning) clearly expresses for the student and teacher the goals of the teaching/learning

In practice, this means:

  • teachers know what to teach
  • students understand the learning goals and the criteria that will be applied to judge the quality of their achievement
  • students receive feedback that helps them make further progress

AfL (Assessment for Learning) reflects a view of learning in which assessment helps students learn better, rather than just achieve a better mark

In practice, this means:

  • teachers use tasks that assess, and therefore encourage, deeper learning
  • feedback is given in a way that motivates the learner and helps students to understand that mistakes are a part of learning and can lead to improvement
  • assessment is an integral component of the teaching-learning process rather than being a separate activity

AfL (Assessment for Learning) provides ways for students to use feedback from assessment

In practice, this means:

  • feedback is directed to the achievement of standards and away from comparisons with peers
  • feedback is clear and constructive about strengths and weaknesses
  • feedback is individualised and linked to opportunities for improvement

AfL (Assessment for Learning) helps students take responsibility for their own learning

In practice, this means:

  • assessment includes strategies for self-assessment and peer assessment emphasising the next steps needed for further learning

AfL (Assessment for Learning) is inclusive of all learners

In practice, this means:

  • assessment against standards provides opportunities for all learners to achieve their best
  • assessment activities are free of bias.

The following characters help us to implement visible learning at Macgregor, and are found in every classroom across the school.

WALT and WILF

animation image of a boy and a girl

(Images will vary from class to class, but meaning remains the same).

These acronyms have been developed by educational researcher and author, Shirley Clarke, as an easily remembered checklist for teachers. We are now using them in our classes at Macgregor.

WALT stands for "We are Learning To…". It is a reinterpretation of the teachers lesson objectives (or learning intentions), phrased in a way that students can easily understand.

WILF stands for "What I'm Looking For". It is a way of explaining the things students need to do in their work in order to be successful. "By the end of the lesson your work will look like ..."

animation image of a dog and a lady

If children understand what they are learning, and why they are doing something then they will put more effort into their work and achieve more highly.